Global Water Crisis

Global Water Crisis

358

million in Africa


180

million South, East, Center Asia


38

million Latin America and Caribbean Islands


186

million South-East Asia and Oceania


… of people without access to water.

  • Water demand is expected to grow from 4,500km3 in 2010 to 6,350km3 in 2030. However, pollution, over-exploitation, deterioration of infrastructure and climate change are all reducing the existing water supply.
  • Clean, bottled water (the “blue gold”) already costs more than oil.
  • The agricultural, industrial and energy sectors are competing for scarce water resources currently needed for human consumption.
  • The market for bottled water is expected to grow from $117bn in 2013 to $195bn in 2030 – a growth of over 10.7% every year.

“Water is a natural resource upon which all social and economic activities and ecosystem functions depend.”

- UN World Water Report (4th edition – 2012) -

Crisis conditions

  • 880 million people worldwide do not have access to clean drinking water
  • 200 million hours are spent collecting and transporting water each day
  • 3.4 million people die each year from lack of water and related illnesses
  • 85% of the world’s population lives in the driest half of the planet
  • Producing 1kg rice requires up to 3,500 litres of water, 1kg beef up to 15,000 litres and a cup of coffee up to 0.140 litres.

Rising prices

“Annual global water requirements will reach 6,900bn m3 in 2030 – 40% above current sustainable water supplies.”

- Global Trends 2030 – Alternative Worlds (2013) -